'Chernobyl Diaries: Monuments, Ruins, Memorials', in Cold War Cities: History, Culture, Memory, ed. Katia Pizzi & Marjatta Hietala (Peter Lang, 2016), pp. 145-67
This chapter explores the relationship between disaster, ruin and memorialisation at Chernobyl, principally the legacies of the destroyed reactor, the memorials erected on the site after the accident, the ruined townscape of Pripyat, and the Chernobyl Museum in Kiev. The chapter employs three main methods of enquiry: personal encounter (through photographs, journals, and oral interviews); analysis of accounts by witnesses of the Chernobyl disaster (Shevchenko’s film Chernobyl: A Chronicle of Difficult Weeks (1986), Alexievich’s Voices from Chernobyl (2009) and the website pripyat.com); and critical study of the imaginative reconstitution of Chernobyl and Pripyat in contemporary visual culture (computer games, photography, and film). The chapter creates a dialogue between the complex legacies of Chernobyl and the wider (global), culturally-prescient theme of the imagination of disaster. If Chernobyl’s ruins have been commandeered by some in the service of entertainment, others – particular those who were directly affected by their abandonment – still view them as a kind of representation void: petrified places that speak only of loss, of a helplessness in the face of overwhelming forces defying comprehension. The result is to open up a space of dialogue between Chernobyl as monument and symbolic void, one the addresses the wider question of the relationship between urban ruins and memory.
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Londons under London: mapping neo-Victorian spaces of horror', in Neo-Victorian Cities: Re-Imagining Utopian and Dystopian Metropolises, ed. M. H. Kohlke and Christian Gutleben (Rodopi, 2015), pp. 227-45
This chapter explores the relationship between afterimages of Victorian underground London, cartography and horror cinema, focusing on two films that use Victorian underground spaces as their theme: Death Line (1972) and Creep (2005). Films that employ the underground, particularly spaces of travel such as the London Underground, create a distinct geographical world that has a close affinity with cinema itself: in the London Underground, space is abolished and turned into time (the time it takes for the train to pass from dark tunnel to light station). Yet, this absence of space paradoxically makes the Underground more immanent – an imaginative space shot through with narrative potential. Indeed, the films I explore also turn the banal experience of the Underground – that of everyday travel – into a more complex one, in which the spaces of the Victorian underground return as spaces of horror. The mapping of those spaces reveals how the imagined city relates to its physical counterpart, and how the present city relates to its Victorian forebear, tracing a rich spatial experience of the underground that is usually absent in the contemporary workaday city.
Paul Dobraszczyk; Mike Esbester and Paul Stiff, ‘Designing and gathering information: perspectives on nineteenth-century forms’, in Information History in the Modern World, ed. Toni Weller (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 57-88
In 19th-century Britain, one document genre marked the growth of a national information-gathering economy: the administrative form, medium for the conduct of dialogues and interrogations between regulators and citizens. This chapter explores the design and use of early census schedules and tax forms, describing interactions of language, layout, and handwritten responses. The result is a picture of peoples’ engagement with the state through forms, and also of the demands made on their reading, writing and numerical skills.
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‘Mapping sewer space in mid-Victorian London’, in Dirt: New Geographies of Dirt and Purity, ed. Ben Campkin and Rosie Cox (IB Tauris, 2008), pp. 123-37
This chapter focuses on three types of map, produced in London from 1848 to 1851, which were closely related to the future improvement of the city’s sanitary infrastructure: first, the Ordnance Survey of London, which mapped London’s above-ground topography; second, maps produced as a result of a concurrent subterranean survey of existing sewers; and third, a “hybrid” map that attempted to combine the results of both surveys. These maps laid the conceptual and practical foundations for the world’s first citywide sewage network: the main drainage system, eventually constructed in the 1860s. Focusing for the first time on the interrelation between these three maps, the chapter bring out the contradictions inherent in the conceptualisation of these new sewer spaces – contradictions overlooked in the existing literature on the subject.
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Paul Dobraszczyk and Bruno Rinvolucri,‘Talking shit: a conversation between Bruno Rinvolucri and Paul Dobraszczyk,’ in Critical Cities: Ideas, Knowledge and Agitation from Emerging Urbanists,Volume 2 (Myrdle Court Press, 2010), pp. 241-52
This chapter transcribes a conversation between Bruno Rinvolucri and Paul Dobraszczyk about the reasons why one might choose to go down into a sewer, a space that, on the surface, doesn't seem appealing. Referring to a clandestine visit to a London sewer in April 2010, this chapter consider the appeal of sewers, why they are so problematic as urban spaces, and why they can also provide transformative experiences of the city.
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'“Monster Sewers”: Experiencing London’s Main Drainage System', in Niall Scott, ed., Monsters and the Monstrous: Myths and Metaphors of Enduring Evil (Rodopi, 2007), pp. 9-32
Writing in London in July 1861 - at the peak of activity in the construction of the city’s main drainage system - the journalist John Hollingshead (1827-1904), in All The Year Round, stated that “there are more ways than one of looking at sewers.” This small but significant observation forms the key to this paper, which considers press responses to the main drainage system, focusing on accounts describing the public ceremonies held at the Crossness (1862-1865) and Abbey Mills (1865-1868) pumping stations, which marked the opening of the system south and north of the river Thames respectively. Historians of the main drainage system have conventionally regarded these responses as uniformly homogenous and celebratory. By focusing on a wide variety of press accounts - illustrated and otherwise - documenting the same events, this paper questions such a sense of apparent uniformity. Rather, it demonstrates that these accounts embody a complex variety of responses, characterised by the interplay of the rational, the magical and the monstrous.
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